Who should get tested for Hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B can be transmitted through body fluids such as blood, saliva, vaginal fluids, and seminal fluids of an infected person. At higher risk are individuals who are involved in unprotected vaginal, oral and anal sex, unvaccinated men who have sex with men, and multiple sex partners or contact with sexual workers. Also, certain areas where HBV vaccination is not always readily available report more cases of Hepatitis B infection. The virus can also be transmitted from a mother to her child during childbirth.
If one has engaged in any high-risk sexual behavior, they should get tested. Also, persons who have been treated for STDs recently or had unprotected sex with partners who have been treated for STDs should also get tested for Hepatitis B.
How is Hepatitis B tested, is it a blood or urine test?
Hepatitis B tested by drawing blood. Laboratory personal draws a small blood sample during your visit to the test center.
What do I need to do to prepare for the test?
Hepatitis B tests doesn’t require any special preparation. No fasting is necessary for the blood draw.
What are the symptoms of Hepatitis B infection?
Some of the common symptoms of HBV include extreme tiredness, tenderness, and pain in the lower abdomen, nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, painful joints, a headache, fever, and hives. If one displays most of these symptoms after contact with an infected person, they should get tested for confirmation.
What do the results mean?
A blood test is used to detect the presence of HBV in the blood. Positive results indicate the presence of an infection while a negative test means that one isn't infected. If one tests too early after infection, usually before three weeks, the result may be negative even with an infection. For certainty, one should retest after six weeks for confirmation of the initial results.
Is there a cure for Hepatitis B?
There are antiviral medications that help the body fight the virus. Most adults recover from the disease without any long lasting effects. There’s also a vaccine which prevents the disease; it is mostly given to children.