Who should get tested for Chlamydia?
Both men and women are equally likely to contracting Chlamydia. If left untreated it may result in serious health complications such as infertility and susceptibility to other sexually transmitted infections such as HIV. According to CDC, 10 to 15 percent of women with untreated Chlamydia contract pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) which can potentially cause infertility. Further, there are nearly 3 million new Chlamydia infections in US. The main reasons for this trend is that Chlamydia often does not have any symptoms and it spreads easily. Therefore, the best way to ensure your sexual health is to get tested periodically. CDC recommends Chlamydia testing for all sexually active men and women. Another reason to consider testing for Chlamydia is if you have had unprotected sex with a partner whose STD status you do not know or are uncertain about. A person infected with Chlamydia is most likely to pass it to their sexual partner.
Can Chlamydia be cured or treated?
Chlamydia is curable. The treatment plan usually involves administration of an oral dose of Azithromycin or Doxycycline antibiotics. The infection should clear up in a week or two with treatment.
It is important that one finishes all antibiotics even if they feel better to prevent a case of drug resistance. Re-infection is possible after treatment; therefore, retesting should be done after three months for confirmation. In the event of treatment for sexual partners, sexual contact should be avoided up to at least one week after treatment to avoid re-infection. Latex condoms should be used during future sexual encounters be they vaginal, anal or oral.
How to Interpret Chlamydia test results?
A positive test result shows the existence of an active Chlamydia infection that can be easily treated and cured with antibiotics. With a negative test result, the bacteria may not necessarily be absent as it may take some time before it is traced in a urine or swab test.
Immediate consultation is necessary if one is diagnosed with Chlamydia. A doctor will prescribe the appropriate treatment, answer questions and recommend ways of avoiding re-infection after treatment.